Spirulina Fine Powder
Spirulina is blue green algae of vegetable origin. For centuries, Spirulina has been in use as a natural whole-food food source (Spirulina was a food source for the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans until the 16th century). It is considered to be one of the richest sources of a vast range of nutritional ingredients.
The Spirulina production involves:
Selected strains are used for cultivation of algae in specially constructed ponds. Agitation of algal culture is necessary to keep nutrients evenly dispersed and also to expose all the cells to sunlight. Constant agitation of water is one of the important parameters in cultivation of Spirulina.
The algal biomass is carefully washed & harvested using specially made filters to recover biomass.
The washed biomass is spray dried and is pulverized to get desired particle size and packed in vegetarian capsules. These capsules are then packed in appropriate containers. This entire procedure is done in special & protected area.
The Fantastic benefits of Spirulina and its positive effects on the human body
To understand the health benefits of Spirulina, it is essential to comprehend the meanings of nutrition and nutritional ingredients.
Nutrition is the science of food and its relation to health. This science is the study of understanding what the human body requires for its growth, development and maintenance, so as to prevent ill health or disease.
Various nutritional ingredients are required to be present in the diet to perform a number of essential actions in the body to maintain the health.
Nutrients or nutritional ingredients can be broadly classified into two groups: Macronutrients and Micronutrients.
Macronutrients are nutritional ingredients required (for keeping good health) in large amounts while Micronutrients are those that are required in relatively smaller amounts.
Let’s look at the table given below to understand this classification better:
Now, let us have a brief look at what exactly these ingredients are and the roles they play in the development of the human body.
Fluids are essential for the formation of blood. The human body gets essential nutrients and oxygen through the flowing blood. Fluids are also present in each and every cell to maintain the environment and vitality of the cells. All liquids (water and other) we consume constitute the fluids part of our nutrition.
Protos means first. Proteins are the basic chemical units of the body. One gets proteins from meat, fish, milk, rice, soy, potatoes etc.
Protein molecules are made up of amino acids in various proportions and arrangements. Amino acids are the basic units that form proteins. (Amino acids are so called because they have an amino group (NH2) attached to an organic acid (COOH)).
Amino acids are further classified into three groups:
1) Essential amino acids: These amino acids are not synthesized in the human body and must be supplied to it by the external food intake.
2) Non-essential amino acids: These can be synthesized in the body.
3) Conditionally essential (semi-essential) amino acids:
These are essential occasionally.
These proteins/amino acids are required to perform various functions in the body. Some of their important functions are as follows:
1) Proteins are required for growth and development of the human body.
2) Proteins are necessary for repairing damage to the body.
3) Proteins provide energy to the body (1 gm of proteins generates 4kcal of energy).
4) Proteins produce various enzymes in the body. Enzymes are substances that catalyze chemical reactions in the body.
5) Proteins are a requisite in the production of hormones. Hormones are glandular secretions that are required for proper functioning of the bodily systems (e.g. insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas (gland) and is needed for maintaining the blood sugar levels).
6) Proteins are necessary for the synthesis of antibodies and hence are essential for the proper functioning of the body’s defense system.
7) Proteins are required for the transportation of various nutrients and drugs throughout the body.
In short, our body cannot survive without proteins and amino acids. A deficiency of proteins could lead to retarded growth, reduced defense power, improper wound healing, inadequate absorption of nutrients and a lot of other disorders. This is the reason why an adequate intake of nutritional proteins is essential for our existence.
Spirulina and Proteins :
Spirulina is approximately 65-71% extremely beneficial proteins. Following is the table that lists the amino acids in Spirulina:
Essential amino acids
Conditionally essential amino acids
Spirulina contains all of the 8 essential amino acids. It also contains non-essential and conditionally essential amino acids.
Take a look at the table given below for the information on different types of protein sources and the comparison between them based on the amount of protein they provide:
Clearly, Spirulina is the highest, most potent and most digestible protein source known, and this is what makes it one of the most valuable sources of proteins.
Carbohydrates are a valuable combination of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen in the same proportion as water.
These (carbohydrates) are abundant in foods of vegetable origin such as cereals, pulses, fruits, root vegetables, etc.
The main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy to the body. They provide approximately 50-70% of the total energy required by the body (1 gm of carbohydrates provides 4 kcal of energy).
Apart from providing ready fuel, carbohydrates also play a vital role in maintaining proper functioning of the liver, central nervous system, Heart and muscle contraction.
The important thing to know is that when sufficient carbohydrates are present in the body, proteins are spared from being the main source of energy and hence do their (intended) jobs like growth and repair, without being wastefully utilized.
Spirulina and Carbohydrates:
Spirulina is 10-15% carbohydrates in the form of polysaccharides. As our cells can easily absorb them, these (polysaccharides) make Spirulina a great source of quick energy.
Lipids are organic substances that are soluble in fat solvents such as alcohol, ether and chloroform but insoluble in water. Dairy fat, butter, beefs, egg yolk, oils from seeds and nuts are the common sources of lipids.
Lipids are the richest source of energy. They also serve as reservoirs of energy, so whenever the body does not get sufficient carbohydrates or proteins it can draw energy from the lipids (1 gm of lipids provides 9Kcal of energy). A drastic reduction in fat intake leads to weight loss and weakness. Up to 50-60 gm of lipid intake is considered to be adequate.
Lipids are necessary because:
1) They serve as vehicles for the absorption of vitamins like A, D, E and K.
2) They aid in growth.
3) They help in the formation of all cell membranes.
Spirulina is approximately 7% lipids. These include Gamma Linolenic Acid, Glycolipids and Sulfolipids. By providing these lipids Spirulina helps promote cholesterol normalization.
Vitamins are the essential compounds needed in small quantities for maintaining a normal metabolism, growth rate and health.
Spirulina contains a range of vitamins. Following table lists the vitamins present in Spirulina, depicts the role of different vitamins and reveals the perils of vitamin deficiency.
Vitamin and sources Function in the body Deficiency may lead to Vitamin A Retinol Maintains vision function.Maintains surface tissue like Skin and eye.Functioning of immune system.Antioxidant activity. Xerophtalmia (dryness of eyes).Night Blindness.Dry, rough skin.Lowered resistance to infections.Reduced hair growth in children. LiverMilkVegetablesYellow fruitsCarrot VITAMIN D:CHOLECALCIFEROL Absorption of Calcium andPhosphorous.Maintains teeth and bone health. Rickets in children(Bending and distortion of bones).Bone softening inAdults.Osteoporosis(Decreased density of bones). Egg YolkMilkLiverButterSunlight VITAMIN E: ALPHATOCOPHEROL Protects cell membranes.Enhances the activity ofVitamin A.Development of Red BloodCells.
Anaemia in infants. VegetablesVegetable oilsCerealsPoultryFishMeat VITAMIN KPHYTONADIONE Aids in the process of blood clotting. Bleeding tendencies. Green VegetablesCerealsMeat VITAMIN H BIOTIN Maintains Lipid andCarbohydrate metabolism Skin inflammation. CheeseEgg YolkCauliflowerPeanutsButter
VITAMIN B is further classified into the following subgroups:
B1 THIAMINE Maintains nerve and muscle functioning Carbohydrate metabolism. Lack of appetite.Weakness.Constipation
in the body.
GrainsBeansSunflower SeedsPork B2 RIBOFLAVIN Maintains respiration of cells and Food metabolism.Nerve and blood cell development.Proper functioning of Vitamin
B6 and B3.
Cracks and sores around the mouth and nose.Eye diseases andVisual problems. MilkMeatCerealsPulses
B3 NIACIN Maintains acid secretion in stomach and Food metabolism.Maintains the digestive andnervous system Pellagra, a diseasecharacterized bySkin inflammation.
CerealsMeatMushroomBran B5 PANTOTHENICACID Synthesis of hormones and Chemical regulators that perform various functions in the body. Grey hair. Burning in feet during night. Animal tissueWhole grain cerealsLegumes B6 PYRIDOXINE Maintains Protein andCarbohydrate metabolism.Support red blood cell formation.
Promote nerve and brain function.
Loss of appetite.
VITAMIN B9FOLIC ACID Production of genetic material.Maintains Protein metabolismPromotes red blood cell formation. Nervous system defects in fetus.Anaemia.Upset Digestive system. VegetablesCerealsMeatLiver B12COBALAMINES Milk
Builds genetic material.Protein synthesis.Formation of Red
By now you must have realized that Spirulina houses a vast store of beneficial vitamins. By offering these vitamins, Spirulina not only maintains the health of human body but also may prevent disorders that result from the deficiency of vitamins.
Minerals are elements required by the human body to perform various important functions and are found in the soil. We are incapable of creating them ourselves.
The food that is grown in depleted soil may
Not contain sufficient amount of minerals.
Spirulina contains a vast range of minerals. Following table gives the source of various minerals. The table also gives information about the role of different minerals and the consequences of their deficiency.
Mineral and sources
Function in the body
Deficiency may lead to
Development of bone and teeth.
Maintains blood pressure.
Rickets in children
(Bending and distortion of bones).
Bone softening in adults.
(Decreased density of bones).
Formation of bones and teeth.
Maintains Food metabolism.
Absorption and transportation of nutrients.
Lack of appetite.
Softening of bones.
Abnormal functioning of the heart.
Maintains blood pressure.
Keep the acid-base balance in the body.
Maintains blood pressure.
Keep the acid-base balance in the body.
Lack of appetite.
Production of hemoglobin
(Haemoglobin is present in the blood and carries oxygen).
Anaemia (Pale skin,
Craving for non food substances.
Maintains Food metabolism.
Loss of taste.
Heart abnormalities in children.
Work with insulin to regulate energy metabolism.
Potentiates action of insulin.
Impaired tolerance for glucose.
Maintains Food metabolism.
Muscle and bone development
Fruits and Vegetables
Development of skin, hair
and other pigments
Formation of Red Blood Cells
Connective tissue and nerve formation.
Premature and low birth weight infants.
Immunity enhancement. Stimulation of natural killer cells.
Spirulina offers a large number of minerals required by the human body (as seen in the above given table) and, it can be easily understood that, Spirulina can play a vital role in maintaining health. The intake of Spirulina may help in the prevention of various disorders that result from the deficiency of minerals.
In addition to the macro and micronutrients (discussed earlier in this book), Spirulina also contains a few important natural pigment phytonutrients like:
These Phytonutrients are essential for the synthesis of various enzymes that are required for various metabolic processes.
Chlorophyll is supposed to play an important role in maintaining hemoglobin in the body. Hemoglobin is a substance in the red blood cells, contains iron (heme) and is required for the transportation of oxygen. The structure of chlorophyll is similar to that of hemoglobin.
The only difference is that chlorophyll contains a magnesium ion at its core, while hemoglobin contains an iron molecule. It is proposed that if chlorophyll is consumed with iron, the magnesium may be displaced and hemoglobin is produced. This is how Spirulina intake can work out to be beneficial in anaemia (a condition in which hemoglobin concentration in the body is reduced). Chlorophyll also has beneficial effects on the digestive system. It normalizes the secretion of acids in the stomach.
Chlorophyll stimulates the movements of intestines and can facilitate the passage of stools. It also helps in the regeneration of injured cells. Chlorophyll is even known for its effects on heart: it can increase the efficiency of the pumping function of the heart.
It is this pigment that gives Spirulina its blue color. Phycocyanin contains both magnesium and iron. It is involved in various body functions like digestion of amino acids, stimulation of defense system, and building of blood cells.
Spirulina contains natural carotenoids. Carotenoids are the precursors of vitamin A i.e., they are capable of producing vitamin A (hence Spirulina can offer all the benefits of Vitamin A). The added advantage of carotenoids from Spirulina is that these are converted to Vitamin A only when the body has a demand for it. This minimizes the chances of a vitamin A overdose.
Various carotenes present in Spirulina are:
Spirulina has been used for centuries by cultures across the globe. It is also well researched upon. Various studies have proven the role and advantage of Spirulina in different conditions. Also, Spirulina is very well tolerated- the safety of Spirulina is established by various research studies.
Spirulina from Spirulina Entrepreneurs Research Centre (SERC).
An unhealthy standard of living and rapid lifestyle changes (lack of exercise and sedentary lifestyle) associated with today’s ‘modern’ life style are taking their toll on our health. Also, the impending problem of malnutrition is getting further aggravated by the worrisome and irregular dietary habits and by the indiscriminate consumption of fast foods and refined food diets.
The only solution to counter this degeneration is the strict observance of a lifestyle that provides a balanced, square meal containing all nutritional ingredients and a diligent effort towards maintaining some form of physical activity. But, in reality, it may not be the most practical thing, as the world today demands a different and varied set of lifestyle rules.
Though we can never debunk the ideal theory, we need a supplemental solution that could bridge the gap between an ‘ideal’ lifestyle and the ‘real’ lifestyle. We need a powerful nutritional supplement. And, Spirulina could well be our answer- it provides all of the essential nutritional ingredients without being a burden on our time and our lifestyles.
1) SERC Spirulina is microscopic blue-green algae that exist as a single celled organism turning Sunlight +Co2 into life energy.
2) SERC Spirulina ensures that no synthetic and potentially hazardous chemicals have been used during cultivation.
3) SERC Spirulina contains a unique combination of high-grade proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, trace elements and Phytonutrients. It is a cholesterol free and low calorie source of easily digestible proteins making it a popular food for those who want to stay slim.
4) Spirulina is Nature’s richest whole food source of Vitamin B12, Vitamin E, Provitamin A (beta carotene) and Chlorophylls. SERC Spirulina is the “Food of the Future”. It is not a drug. It has an important place in modern diet management & provides vital energy.
5) SERC Spirulina is safe, non-toxic, and non-habit forming.
6) SERC Spirulina powder is a 100% vegetarian product and made from natural plant ingredients.
7) Suggested use:
For adults : 3g – 5g a day or (Depends on the Weight of an individual and health issues if any)
Children : 1g -2g a day.
Note: Don’t forget to consume more water than regular, at least 500ml to 1 Ltr.